Fun Times of DNA Replication

Dna, Molecule, Medicine, Dna, Dna, Dna

In molecular biology, DNA replication is the biological process of producing two identical replicas of DNA from a single original DNA molecule. This method occurs in all living organisms and is the basis for biological inheritance. The cell possesses the distinctive property of division, which makes replication of DNA essential. DNA is composed of a double helix of two complementary strands. During replication, these strands are separated. Each strand of the original DNA molecule then functions as a template for the creation of its counterpart, a procedure referred to as semiconservative replication. Cellular proofreading and error-checking mechanics ensure near perfect fidelity for DNA replication.

In a cell, DNA replication starts at specific locations, or origins of replication, in the genome. Unwinding of DNA at the source and synthesis of new strands leads to replication forks growing bi-directionally from the origin. A number of proteins are associated with the replication fork to help in the initiation and continuation of DNA synthesis. Most prominently, DNA polymerase synthesizes the new strands with the addition of nucleotides that match each (template) strand. DNA replication may also be performed in vitro (artificially, outside a mobile ). DNA polymerases isolated from cells and artificial DNA primers can be used to initiate DNA synthesis at known sequences in a template DNA molecule. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR), a frequent laboratory technique, cyclically applies such artificial synthesis to amplify a specific target DNA fragment from a pool of DNA. DNA usually exists as a double-stranded structure, with both strands coiled together to form the characteristic double-helix. Each single strand of DNA is a series of four kinds of nucleotides. Nucleotides in DNA have a deoxyribose sugar, a phosphate, and a nucleobase.

The four kinds of nucleotide correspond to the four nucleobases adenine, cytosine, guanine, and thymine, commonly abbreviated as A,C, G and T. Adenine and guanine are purine bases, while cytosine and thymine are pyrimidines. These nucleotides form phosphodiester bonds, producing the phosphate-deoxyribose backbone of the DNA double helix with the nuclei bases pointing inward (i.e., toward the opposing strand). Nucleotides (bases) are matched between strands through hydrogen bonds to form base pairs. Adenine pairs with thymine (two hydrogen bonds), and guanine pairs with cytosine (more powerful: three hydrogen bonds).

DNA strands have a directionality, and the different ends of a single strand are known as the”3′ (three-prime) end” and the”5′ (five-prime) end”. By convention, if the base sequence of a single strand of DNA is given, the left end of the sequence is the 5′ end, while the ideal end of the sequence is the 3′ end. These conditions refer to the carbon atom in deoxyribose to which the next phosphate from the series attaches. Directionality has consequences in DNA synthesis, because DNA polymerase can synthesize DNA in just 1 direction by adding nucleotides to the 3′ end of a DNA strand. The pairing of complementary bases in DNA (via hydrogen bonding) means that the data contained within each strand is redundant.

Phosphodiester (intra-strand) bonds are stronger than hydrogen (inter-strand) bonds. This allows the strands to be separated from one another. The nucleotides on a single strand can therefore be used to reconstruct nucleotides on a recently synthesized partner strand. Everything required to know about DNA structure and its replication.

Internet Security

Code, Programming, Hacking, Html, Web

Multi-factor authentication (MFA) makes it much harder for a hacker to access your online stuff, and also the most common type of customer MFA is two-factor authentication (2FA). A very common kind of 2FA is your debit card. One variable is the card itself, which contains magnetic identifying info (these days, a processor ), and a PIN that you provide when you stick the thing in an ATM machine. It’s easy and fairly good at keeping others from your ATM-accessible cash. 2FA is important for your internet accounts, such as email and your iCloud accounts.

While I admit it can be a bit of a pain to need to do something extra to enter your account, it is much less of a pain than having one’s identity stolen, losing access to your email, or replying to your friends who wonder why you’ve said such mad things about them (unless, of course, you actually said those crazy things!) .

Here is how 2FA or two-step authentication works for a couple different online account types. (Note, these services change things up from time to time, so it is better to keep abreast of such changes.)

Setting up Google 2-Step affirmation

First you log in with user name and password (we’ll get to picking smart passwords Part 3) to your Gmail account. There should be an avatar in a circle close to the upper-left hand corner of the window. Perhaps it’s even a photo of you. Click on it and you will see”My Account.” (Incidentally, this changes every few years) On the new window that opens , click on”Sign-in & safety.” Time to put in your username and password again. Enter a phone number and click on if you want to be given a text or a phone call. Then you magically get a text or phone call with a 6-digit verification code. Type it in and pick the choice to turn on 2-step verification. It’s that easy. Okay, it has several steps, but not that hard.

It might be that you prefer to collect your Gmail with another program, like Outlook, as opposed to using a browser to go to the Gmail page for your email. If so, it may be that once you’ve turned on two-step confirmation, your Outlook (or other program ) keeps telling you that you have the wrong password, even though you know darn well it is right. This has happened to me. You probably will need to have Google give you a particular program password that Google will create for you. You will need to visit the App passwords page, which at the time of this writing is here.

Select the program you want it for (if Outlook, then you would select”Mail”), then the device you’re using (Google magically presents a list of those devices you use with their solutions ). Then select “Generate.” It will show you a 16-digit amount in a yellow bar that you use as your new password for that app (Outlook, eg) on that device (do not enter the spaces). You can save that password in your app and you may need that number again in the future.


Yahoo! is comparable: sign into your account, go to the account safety page, click on”two-step confirmation,” and toggle the button to turn it on. Select an option to get a text or a phone call for confirmation. Enter the code which comes to you via text or phone call. Now, you can create an app password, much like the Google procedure above for your various programs like Outlook or Apple (iOS) Mail.


Now, let’s set up 2FA on your iCloud account. First, you have to get a passcode set in your iPhone or iPad.

Click on the Settings app. Did I mention that this will change as Apple keeps us on our toes by changing everything up once we have gotten comfortable with the previous version? In the most recent previous version, you’d have clicked on Preferences, then on iCloud, then your name, then Password & Security.

Be prepared to answer some safety questions – that we’ll be discussing in a future article – and then enter the phone number where you want to get the code for 2FA, and as previously, pick whether you want a phone call or a text.


For a Mac, open System Preferences, and select iCloud, and then”Account Details.” You might need to login using your Apple credentials. As above, answer your security questions whether it asks, enter the telephone number where you would like to get calls or texts for confirmation. Once again, a magical robot immediately sends you the code and you must enter that in the field that awaits your answer.

Once it is turned on, you will get a message asking for approval if an unknown device or place signs onto your account. Notice that on a Mac, that notification can sometimes be on a window that’s hidden behind another, so look for that in case you discover you’re having troubles with getting the approval request.

Speaking of troubles, it looks like a lot of work to have two-factor authentication, but once it is set up, it’s not too much of a pain and will add considerable security to your accounts, in addition to considerable barriers to potential hackers.

Alternative Energies

Geyser, Strokkur, Geyser Strokkur

The geothermal exploration does involve the search for active geothermal regions with the intention of building the geothermal power plants. The exploration methods do involve several techniques ranging from the drilling process into the geochemical analysis.

The geochemical analysis involves the analysis of relationships between surface fluid properties into geothermal bodies. Geothermometers and other sophisticated instruments are used to measure the subsurface temperatures. In the geochemical analysis for geothermal exploration, temperature, the ratios of isotopes, elemental ratios (such as mercury and carbon dioxide), etc are a few of the significant measurements being made.

In the magnetic method for exploration of geothermal energy, identification of the depth of the Curie point or Curie temperature is the main measurement.

Most of the geological materials are non-conductors of power and thus have high resistivity but the structural characteristics can boost their conductivity. Such transformation in conductivity does facilitate the mapping and thus the composition of the subsurface lithology The magnetotellurics measurements facilitate the identification of resistivity anomalies associated with the geothermal structural features such as faults. Such measurements would result in an assessment of geothermal reservoir temperatures at several depths. This method was successfully employed for the detection of geothermal energy in several states and particularly around the ring of fire.

The resistivity methods are also being widely used to explore the geothermal energy resources. The flowing geothermal waters are the zones of reduced resistance.

The gravity method is usually utilized to identify the subsurface density anomalies. Such measurements would be helpful to locate the geothermal regions. The aerial gravitational techniques are more efficient in the collection of information. The gravity data should be adjusted for elevation, latitude, etc..

These regions are usually characterized by low magnitude earthquakes. Hence, further studies in such locations might provide clues to the identification of geothermal energy sites.

The drilling process is one of the most expensive but can provide reliable information related to the subsurface. The geothermal characteristics like thermal pockets, temperature gradients, etc are obtained by using several types of drilling methods. The latest developments in remote sensing techniques have also been helping in the exploration of geothermal energy resources.

Steel vs Rebar

Construction, Moniereisen, Architecture

Many of the bounties and resources of the earth like iron, nickel and other metals are used in creating metals. Iron is alloyed with carbon to form carbon steel and there are a number of different techniques to derive alloy steel. These modifications due to the inclusion of various alloying elements enhance the metal’s features. It also gives intentional attributes and attributes to the alloy which aren’t present in the element alone. Steel rebars may be available and a strong durable material used, popularly, in construction projects worldwide. However, what if another material was also available which is 3 times more powerful, has a life expectancy 5 times more than steel and cost-effective, trustworthy and downright sensible.

GFRP Rebar has been around for a while but due to several reasons, that doesn’t really have anything to do with its qualities and features, has not seen the enormous market share of growth as it should. A variety of factors contribute to the situation including commercial motives and opposing business entities that are catering to self-interests. Also, despite large-scale recommendations and certificate from civil engineering associations of steel as dependable and reliable overshadowing much of the rising trend of using a composite material in their infrastructural and structure, this lightweight, sturdy material is here to stay. With establishments and entities making their own guidelines for the usage of GFRP, this revolution in civil engineering is doing a hundred twenty on the information highway and going places fast.

Traditional Steel

The benefits of GFRP rebar outweigh those of steel in many ways. Beginning with steel, its safe to conclude that some, while not all, rehab needs rise around ten years following conclusion but others need major rehabilitation in no more than twenty years. Also, because of corrosion and weather effects, steel loses stability and deteriorates. Another disadvantage of steel is its massive weight. Its heavy and cumbersome work lifting and transporting steel rebars. Envision the workload of an average employee and the amount of work required to install steel. Its sturdy strength is brought together with fantastic weight. Delivering a project can be delayed because of completion problems and many do happen during installation phases. Shipping and mobilization costs are high and more manpower is required to be able to complete as per schedule.

GFRP Rebar

In comparison with steel, glass-fiber reinforced polymer rebar has a shelf life of above a hundred years, so rehabilitation work isn’t required soon. It does erode nor rust. Totally resistant to weather conditions and even bears moisture attacks with grace making it non-susceptible to chemicals and water. It’s lightweight with being 1/3 times milder by ratio-wise comparison against steel. Easy in loading and highly resistant to damage while transporting. Utilizing it also increases the odds of finishing a project well before time as it is easily handled and installed. By choosing GFRP rebars, prices are lowered with less manpower and shipping expenditures.

Hog Dog History

Hot Dog, Sausage, Cucumber, Roll

Also called a frankfurter or wiener, the hot dog’s origin is claimed by the city of Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany, and by a butcher living in Coburg, Germany., who traveled to Frankfurt to promote his new product, sometime in the late 1600s. Either way, German immigrants attracted not only the sausage together in the 1800s, but also their beloved dachshund dogs, and the name probably started as a joke about the little, long, thin dogs.

Food historians at Yale University say that the word”hot dog” started appearing in faculty magazines back in the 1890s. When students began calling wagons outside their dormitories selling hot sausages as”puppy wagons.” It did not take long for the word”dog” to become”hot dog.” German immigrants first sold them from push carts in New York City’s Bowery in the 1860s. Another story recounts a German butcher, Charles Feltman, in 1871 hawked sausages with milk rolls out of his stand on Coney Island, beginning a trend to this day of the famous”Coney Dog,” (usually topped with a savory meat sauce). The bun made its debut at the Colombian Exposition a few years later where visitors gobbled them down in large quantities. Vendors had a hit on their hands, and we can thank Germans for their culinary contribution.

These 2016 statistics bear out the massive demand and fame; Los Angeles residents consume more hot dogs than any other city (more than 36 million pounds), beating out New York and Philadelphia. Dodger fans alone consumed 2.6 million in 2016 the birthplace of the Dodger Dog, a 10 inch pork wiener wrapped in a steamed bun sold at Dodger Stadium; across the Nation leading league fans enjoyed 19.4 million during the 2016 season;

+On Independence Day (July 4th) Americans enjoy 150 million hot dogs, enough to stretch from to D.C. to L.A. over five times;

+During peak season, from Memorial Day to Labor Day, Americans typically consume 7 billion; that’s 818 consumed every second.

+Top hot dog consuming cities are home to a major league baseball team (no

Los Angeles

+Nathan’s – started in 1916 by a Polish immigrant Nathan Handwerker selling a 5 center from his stand on Coney Island, they still predominate NYC and are famous for their July 4th eating competition; reigning men’s champion again in 2018, Joey Chestnut (using a record 74 at 10 minutes) and Miki Sudo (women’s) at 37 (burp);

+Wienerschnitzel – an American fast food chain based in 1961, also known as the World’s Largest Hot Dog Chain 358 places;

+Chicago style – that does not know what this is: hot dog, poppy seed bun, Vienna wiener, mustard, tomato wedges, chopped white onions, bright green sweet pickle relish, a dill pickle spear, sport peppers and a dash of celery salt, don’t even mention the”k” word (ketchup);

Most popular retail brands:

+Oscar Mayer Classic Wieners (no surprise here)
+Hebrew National 97% Fat Free Beef Franks (fewer additives and fillers)
+Sabrett Skinless Beef Frankfurters (who?)
Costco – In 2015, Costco food courts sold 128 million hot dogs; in $1.50 (includes drink) on average, up from 100 million a year before;

Retail sales – 1 billion pounds were sold at retail stores. That number represents more than $2.4 billion in retail sales.

+Chicago’s O’Hare Airport sells six times more hot dogs than Los Angeles and LaGuardia Airport combined which clocks in at 725,000; travelers expect for a flight delay so they can nosh on these dogs;

Well, statistics do not lie.Americans love their hot dogs, and they have their own distinct methods of preparing and enjoying them. Whether you select sauerkraut, chili, cheese, mustard, relish, onions, ketchup or all the above, nothing satisfies like a hot dog. Eaten on the run, wolfed down from a street vendor or savored in a backyard barbecue, they are pure American and everyone can enjoy them anywhere, anytime. So pile on the condiments and chow down.

Not all Towing Companies are the same

Truck, Vice, Piggyback, Recycling

Ever wonder about the importance of a reliable towing service? How often have you been in a pickle,”vehicle-ularily” speaking, and couldn’t find help? On the road, misfortunes strike without warning. Without a plan for such conditions, drivers and car-owners would have a pretty hard time if ever caught up in such a unfortunate situation like engine trouble, brake failure, accidents, etc. it is always wise to plan before undergoing hardship on the road. Getting the help of a reliable tow truck service is a boon that saves you from a great deal of stress and frustration.

A towing company that that will not take advantage of situations when clientele are facing crises, unlike many out there, is bound to get the confidence and trust of its loyal customers. Folks always rely on others who are there for them in desperate times and getting the ideal service provider is necessary for peace of mind and to enjoy the day with other healthy activities like family time instead of worrying about car troubles. As an example, professionals prioritize their careers which take up most of the energy and the last thing they need is their car breaking down in the side of the highway on their way to an important meeting. Imagine that!

Choosing the right towing service will make life easier for anybody but how can one do that? Among the best way to gain insight into it’s by asking around. Family, relative and friends would have confronted such nightmares so begin by inquiring around you, where you live. Someone is sure to have been rescued with emergency services which would be valuable information to give a head start. They may even have advice for you as to who to stay away from by their expertise.

It’s impertinent to be clear from the start. Questions like how much they charge, how far they would tow truck the vehicle from and how they receive payment i.e. through insurance company or direct straight up-front cold hard cash. Tell them about your automobile and discuss some details with them so when needed, they know which vehicle they ship for rescue purposes. Once your satisfied with a business, keep their number handy by saving it into your cell phone and writing it down inside the car somewhere safe where you can find it easily. Do this and you would be relieved in most dire circumstances that you may encounter.

An integral tip to remember is that there is no substitute for experience and research. Finding the best rates and services from within a broken-down car in the side of the highway is not going to happen! It’s that very situation that come tow providers exploit so never put yourself in circumstances where they would demand absurd prices!

Planning your next Jewish Heritage site vacation

Tea Leaves, Tea, Plantation, Hills

Have you considered going to Southeast Asia for a Jewish trip?

The Jews have had a long history in Asia. Their settlements were created by Jewish immigrants, many of them fleeing from nations that persecuted them. Some communities thrived greatly, while others remained small due to religious and government conflicts.

Here are some sites which are that you should include in your next Jewish vacation.

The Jewish community in Burma, also known as Myanmar, was established from the mid-19th century. The Jewish merchants who came there served as a station for imports and exports with overseas cities and British colonial rulers. Many Jews became successful in business and some even served as government officials. Since the Jewish population grew, so did their economic standing and philanthropic activities. The Japanese occupied Burma and expelled the Jews because they were believed to be British spies.

After the Japanese occupation, only 300 Jews remained. However, this time, everything including their wealth was gone. Over time, many Jewish families left the country. The changes in the authorities also forced the remnants to depart.

Now, there are approximately 20 Jews residing in Burma, including the caretakers of the previous synagogue.

The previous synagogue, Musmeah Yeshua, has a soaring high ceiling with beautiful columns was rebuilt in 1896. Before it’s 126 silver Torah scrolls, but currently there are only two. It was listed among the 188 Yangon heritage buildings and receives thousands of tourists every year.

The Little but Rich Jewish Community in Singapore

Here is a fun fact: Israel is among the few states who helped Singapore after it gained its independence from Malaysia.

The Jewish community is small, mostly Orthodox, but wealthy and very welcomed.

Maghain Aboth functions as a college to 150 students and a place to conduct bath rituals. There’s also a kosher store that serves delicacies and products from Israel. They also cater to events such as weddings, bar mitzvah and other occasions on their banquet hall.

The synagogue is excellent for Jewish excursion for tourists and vacationers alike due to the amenities available.

The 62-foot Tall Menorah in Indonesia

Who would have imagined that a giant Menorah are available in one of the world’s most populous Muslim nation? And the fact it is the government’s initiative to construct a 62-foot menorah is remarkable as well.

The earliest recorded history of Jewish community in Indonesia is written by Jacob Saphire. He interviewed a local Jew who advised them that there are approximately 20 Jewish families in Batavia and few more in Surabaya and Semarang. Most of the Jews were merchants and were an ally to the colonial regime.

Crimestopping Fitbits

Yellow, Wall, Girl, Woman, People

Have you monitored your 10,000 steps now? Has anyone else tracked them?

Fitness trackers are big business, helping people get and stay fit, and helping them share their progress with friends – and sometimes with strangers.

Possibly the most well-known of these devices (and apps) would be the FitBit and apps paired with the Apple Watch, but also include the Moov Now, Samsung Gear Fit, Huawei Band, Tom Tom Spark, and about 350 others. The ability to map your movements is one of the more fun and attractive features about these devices.

FitBit data helps to catch a potential murderer.

Fitness trackers in less light-hearted circumstances can offer evidence in the most serious of cases. At the end of 2015, Richard Dabate told Connecticut law enforcement a narrative of a break-in where the robber killed his wife while he was fighting off the intruder. The difficulty was that subpoenaed records of her FitBit revealed her active an hour after the murder was said to have taken place, and that she walked ten times farther then what would have taken her into the now-fictional perp’s view. Alongside other pc, Facebook, and phone evidence, and the fact that Dabate had a pregnant girlfriend that he was arrested for the crime. As of this writing, Mr. Dabate remains free on a million dollars bail.

FitBit data helps an innocent man go free

Her bloodied and nude body was found at a farm area nearby. Signs at first pointed to her boyfriend, Doug Detrie, who had been arrested but nonetheless seemed shocked at the information and protested his innocence. Detrie was held on a million-dollar bond, but the apparent evidence (blood in the car, in the garage, and a questionable spot on the sole of his shoe) didn’t hold up (blood in the car was not the victim’sblood in the garage was not a human’s, and the suspicious spot wasn’t blood) so he was released. Data from Doug’s FitBit showed he took only about a dozen measures during the time period in which Nicole died.

DNA evidence from Nicole’s clothes pointed at another man altogether, George Burch. Burch’s Android phone had Google Dashboard data connected with his Gmail account that showed GPS location data leading right to Nicole’s house.

FitBit data used to try to locate a lost person

In July of 2018, Iowa student, Mollie Tibbett went for a run and has not been seen since. Police have obtained her FitBit information in an effort to locate her but have not released what they found in that information to the public. It appears that the geolocation information there was not sufficient to find her. Additional data from her mobile phone and social media accounts has been sifted for clues, but as of August 6, 2018, there are no reports of her being found, although there seem to be people of interest. Hopefully place data from her FitBit will eventually help lead researchers to her current location.

FitBit data banned by the army

You may have heard news reports of late that the Army has expressed concern about military movements and security being compromised by data from fitness trackers and devices like the Apple Watch. A military officer was quoted as saying,”The moment a soldier puts on a system that can record high-definition audio and video, take photos, and process and transmit data, it’s very possible for him or her to be monitored or to reveal military secrets… The use of wearables with Web access, location information, and voice-calling functions should be considered a violation of national security regulations when used by military personnel.” But did you know that this information was from May 2015? And did you know it was a Chinese military official in the Chinese Army paper, the Liberation Army Daily?

That’s right, some foreign governments have been banning such devices for years now.

In 2013, the DOD distributed 2,500 FitBits to military personnel; in 2015 that the Navy planned to conduct a pilot program to help the enlisted and their superiors keep track of fitness goals, and”allow Army leaders to track their Soldiers’ fitness in real time.”

The information is viewable online, on a mobile device, or through the desktop application. Fitbit logs movement and allows users to log additional health data in the app. Fitbit then uses this information to show progress over time.

The manager of a companion program, called Strava, helps to map and display maps of readers’ movement using FitBit and other exercise tracking devices. In November 2017, Strava released their International Heat Map of 3 trillion individual global GPS data points uploaded from the previous two years. Zooming in on the maps, as Australian safety pupil Nathan Ruser did, revealed favored trails used in previously undisclosed bases by military physical fitness buffs. Heat map trails around and in Mogadishu could have provided possible targets of locations frequented by military personnel for Somalian dissidents.

As one may imagine, the Army on August 7, 2018 banned use of geolocation attributes in iPhones, Apple Watch, FitBit and other fitness trackers using the following directive:”Effectively immediately, Defense Department employees are prohibited from using geolocation features and performance on authorities and non-government-issued devices, applications, and services while in locations designated as operational areas.” It has not prohibited the use or possession of the apparatus altogether.

The (FitBit) Law of Unintended Consequences

There are three types of unintended consequences (based on Wikipedia)

As opposed to showing the accomplishment of an athletic endeavor it instead showed inaction once the crime would have demanded much motion, as with Doug Detrie and Nicole Vander Heyder.

An Unexpected drawback: An unexpected detriment happening in addition to the desirable effect of this policy, like a FitBit showing a supposed victim of a crime rather being the perpetrator as with Richard Dabate and his spouse.

A Perverse result: A perverse effect contrary to what was initially intended, as when military personnel using a FitBit to keep track of their fitness progress reveal themselves as potential targets to an adversary.

With any luck, none of these occasions will fall into lives of any of my readers.

Keep fit, keep track, but be aware that you may be showing more than you intend to.

5 Ways to make Camping more Enjoyable

Camping, Constellation, Cosmos, Dark

It’s difficult to eat and sleep outdoors, but you do not have to compromise comfort. There are some things you can try to make your campsite feel more like your property, especially if you’re staying for a couple of days or even a couple of weeks.

Choose the Ideal place to pitch your tent

When setting up camp, where you choose to pitch your tent greatly impacts your comfort. Choose a dry, flat surface that’s at least 200 feet away from any body of water. This can allow you to avoid mosquitoes and other animals that wander around to drink water. Set up camp under a tree – the leaves can help block wind or unexpected rainfall as well as the smoke and the sound of nearby campers.

Add your personal touch

It is going to be your home for a while, so don’t be afraid to make it your own and add a little bit of personal touch. Should you pitch your tent near or beneath a tree, put up some battery-operated string lights in the branches. Not only will it look real nice, but will also add some much-needed lighting in your site. You can also opt to bring a lightweight rug or floor mat from house to add extra comfort when you’re barefoot inside the tent.

Do not stick to just a sleeping bag

An inflatable camping mattress is far more comfortable to most people compared to sleeping bags, especially to new campers. Bring your favourite thick blanket, a nice fluffy pillow and some additional sheets to allow you to sleep soundly in the outside so much simpler.

Find relaxing activities

The possibilities are endless when you’re in the great outdoors – you can go hiking, fishing, exploring and many more. These are all fun but tiring. When you are in a camping trip, you don’t have to perform these activities all at once. It is important that you find time to relax and enjoy nature in a different way. Find time to enjoy a hot beverage and read a great book, or just sing and tell stories around the campfire with other campers.

When you feel secure and comfortable in an entirely different environment like the outdoors, that’s when you begin to have fun! Being out in nature does not mean you can not be cozy so try these easy ways to create your campsite more comfortable!

Sailing to Europe

Cruise, Ship, Sunset, Travel, Sea

A transatlantic cruise is the most amazing and fun way to travel from the Americas to Europe and from Europe to America. The memory of the Atlantic crossing aboard the cruises will be eternally edged on mind. The peak seasons for the transatlantic cruise deals are in autumn and summer. These are the times that the boat lines reposition their cruises.

The transatlantic voyage is served by several lines like Celebrity Transatlantic Cruises, Crystal Cruises, Disney Cruise Line, Holland America Transatlantic Cruises, Norwegian Cruise Line, Oceania Cruises, Princess Transatlantic Cruise and Royal Caribbean. You’ll receive favorable transatlantic cruise deals aboard ships under these cruise lines.

For centuries, people have taken voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. Now, the routes are served by modern ships fitted with state of the art facilities. To entice customers amid the stiff competition, the ship lines are offering deals which target various segments of the market. By way of example, there are transatlantic cruise deals that target households.

Aboard the cruise voyage, people get the opportunity to experience different new activities. For instance, you’ll have the ability to gaze at the stars at nighttime. Additionally, you will have the chance to explore different historic European cities along the way in addition to seeing beautiful landscapes like the Reykjavik landscapes in Iceland.

Among the lines that offer exciting deals is the Royal Caribbean line. The line provides cruise deals with a death from Tampa or Boston to areas such as cork Ireland, Cherbourg France, and Brussels, Belgium. The ships dock in many ports along the way giving the tourists a lifetime’s chance to sample the various delicacies and pleasure the cities provide.

Also, the Norwegian cruise line offers affordable transatlantic cruise deals. The cruise deals offered by the line tend to target the general market segment. Hence, there are bargains made for couples on a romantic gateway, households looking to take time out to bond and interact, or individuals taking some time from their busy and stressful lifestyles. This implies that there are cruise deals that will suit everyone willing to take a trip of a lifetime across the Atlantic Ocean.

Removing Ejection Seats from our Best Fighters

Military Jet, Flight, Flying, F-22

In years gone by the US Navy and Air Force said that the cost to train a pilot is very costly and human pilots are the main part of the aircraft. With a cost like that you can make certain the taxpayer doesn’t want a pilot to eject unless it is’absolutely necessary’ and the aircraft cannot be landed without complete destruction. If there’s a chance, even a slim chance that the aircraft could be brought back and crash landed, preventing it from being a complete loss, the military pilot should risk his/her/its life to do so, should they perish in the effort, at least they tried.

Why is this harsh statement so tough to take into account? Well, we’ve got a pansy-ass people and we do not consider the realities or common sense of the situation. The aircraft are very costly, second all that extra gear like the ejection seat adds weight and mechanism, more stuff to service, more things that could go wrong, more things to inspect, and even if a person ejects there is not any guarantee everything will work out fine anyway – odds of dying in an ejection are higher than many want to admit.

Further, if pilots don’t have the confidence to fly the plane when something is wrong with it, maybe they shouldn’t be fighter or attack pilots in which people are shooting back real missiles and bullets. If a pilot doesn’t wish to fly an aircraft w/o an ejection seat, fine fly a lesser price aircraft instead, of which our military has many.

Next, I’d like to point out that if a pilot ejects in the battlespace, he/she/it might be captured by the enemy, beheaded, drown, shot, interrogated, tortured and put on TV to demoralize the public and army, that’s not healthy to the mindset should win a war.

If the pilot crash lands and does not get out, have a self-destruct mechanism, every affordable and easy to construct and weighs very little, two detonations, one near fuel tank, other near precious weapon electronic systems – maybe even delayed until a satellite can trigger it, thus taking out the enemy in the process. We will need to consider performance and payload. No ejection seat means more bullets in the guns, additional small diameter missiles, more fuel, better range, and more seriously motivated pilots who only believe in winning and trust themselves with sufficient confidence, perseverance and will

Personal Flying Vehicals

Auto, Web, Flying Car, Flying Car

The flying car- it has been a science fiction fantasy for as long as there’s been science fiction. It’s a notion so compelling that it has driven countless designers to attempt to solve the inherent problems with the concept, and for many to fail spectacularly.

Rooted in the unspectacular desire to rid our daily lives of traffic and meandering, indirect streets, the flying car nonetheless conjures up images of a brighter tomorrow and safer cities and cities across the world. It’s a remote dream, or at least, it has traditionally been.

Today, an increasing number of aerospace companies, both big and small, are investigating the possibility of the flying vehicle – aircraft capable of carrying single individuals or small freight through the atmosphere autonomously, acting as a type of air-based taxi.

Indeed, whilst the likes of Airbus have been covertly developing a PSF via their A3 venture capital division, upstart Chinese companies like eHang have launched their own PSF drones, like the eHang 184, which closely mimicking the consumer drones you will find hovering over public parks throughout the world.

The latter is capable of carrying one passenger around 100kg and their light freight for up to thirty minutes at a time, using a fully vertical take-off and a cruising speed of 40mph. The passenger chooses between a number of pre-determined destinations on a touchscreen located within the cockpit and, well, away they go.

It’s not only a concept either. In Dubai, city officials have declared that the 184 will start ferrying passengers throughout 2017, and the vehicle also gained consent for test flights in Nevada, where it could show up to help wealthy guests get from airport to casino, or from nightlife place to nightlife spot.

All of which has posed many to ask the question, are private flying vehicles the future of transport? Well, there’s some challenges to overcome first. Namely, passenger capacity and regulatory issues. Although the ability to travel alone is valued, many more travel in pairs or as groups. Improving motor technology and passenger capacity would go some way to raising the likelihood of widespread public adoption.

The other issue a more complex one – atmosphere regulation. At the moment, there are stringent laws which prohibit these kinds of vehicles in most countries and cities.

With all that said though, it feels like we’re closer than ever to the fantasy of the flying car – and is not that exciting?

Their global service is class leading, and their fittings conform to all aerospace control standards, delivering huge savings to clients testing their aviation products.

Supersonic Passenger Jet Tu-144

Concorde, Tu-144, Aircraft
  1. Tupolev Tu-104:

While the three major US, European, and former-USSR powers all designed supersonic transports, that of the latter was really the first to fly. But its development was complex and it ultimately ended in failure.

Seeking to increase speeds and reduce travel times on scheduled routes, all of which were flown by Aeroflot, the nation stepped up to pure-jet technology with its first such airliner, the Tupolev Tu-104, when it first flew in prototype form on June 17, 1955.

The low-wing monoplane, incorporating many of the elements of the army Tu-16 twin turbojet bomber to reduce development time, featured a glazed nose navigator’s station, a 35-degree swept wing mounted with significant anhedral, dual wing root buried, 14,881 thrust-pound Mikulin RD-3 or AM-3 eight-stage, axial-flow turbojets, and quad-wheel primary undercarriage units that retracted into wing underside fairings.

Inaugurated into service on September 15, 1956 on the Moscow-Umsk-Irkutsk route, it seriously reduced flying times over the piston types it replaced.

“At the time of its entry into service, the Tu-104 was the only turbojet-powered transportation in airline service,” according to John Stroud in”Soviet Transport Aircraft since 1945″ (Putnam and Company, Ltd., 1968, p. 199),”the de Havilland Comet 1 and 1A types having been withdrawn from service in 1954. It wasn’t till the autumn of 1958 that BOAC introduced Comet 4s and Pan American World Airways Boeing 707-120s.”

Like the states in the West, the former Soviet Union thought that a supersonic transport was the next logical evolution of commercial aviation.

  1. Myasishchev M-52:

The foundation for a Russian supersonic transport was laid from the Myasishchev Design Bureau’s M-52 intercontinental bomber. Powered by four Solovy’ev turbojets, two of which were pylon-mounted to the large, swept wings and two of which were attached to their tips, it was intended for at least Mach 2 cruise speeds.

Although the only example ever built publicly appeared in Tuscino in 1961, or a year after the design agency which had given birth to it had been abolished, commercial feasibility studies of it had been commenced. While its high-wing configuration was considered inappropriate for passenger-carrying services and its range was insufficient for these operations, this logic, at least in the Soviet Union, was sounder than might initially be considered, since both the turboprop Tupolev Tu-114 and pure-jet Tu-104 had been civilian versions of, respectively, the Tu-95 and Tu-16 bombers.

  1. Tupolev Tu-144:

An all-new supersonic design was clearly needed. Since Myasishchev’s proposal was improper and Ilyushin was preoccupied with all of the issues with its Il-62 long-range, pure-jet passenger airplane, Tupolev, the nation’s long established military and commercial manufacturer, was selected to produce it.

The outcome, the Tu-144, was among the few aircraft up to this time and exclusively designed for commercial operations.

Powered by four 38,500 thrust-pound engines, the aircraft featured a 188.5-foot overall length, an 83.10-foot span of its delta wing, and a 330,000-pound gross weight. Although still only in prototype form and resembling, as anticipated, Concorde in configuration, there were several differences between the two.

The fuselage, first and foremost, integrated 18 percent of titanium in its construction to cater to the expected expansion and contraction cycles that resulted from the frictional heat buildup and internal pressurization, and it was wider, with a flatter cabin floor, for five-abreast coach seating. Its single-droop nose, deflecting to the 12-degree place, sported top windows.

In planform, its double-delta wing comprised an ogival or s-shaped leading edge and trailing edge elevons, but was devoid of camber or twist with a flat bottom.

Its NK-144 turbojets, grouped in barely separated pairs, were air entered through its six-foot rectangular inlets on the top edge and stretched across over 17 feet to its exhaust pipes in the trailing edge.

Undercarriage consisted of a two-wheeled, aft-retracting nose unit and two 12-wheeled, forward-retracting primary units mounted outboard of the engine ducts and rotating 180 degrees before settling in their airfoil bays.

First flying from Moscow’s Zhukovsky Airfield after implementing a 25-second acceleration roll-which marked the world’s first commercial supersonic flight of any design-the prototype, amount 68001, remained airborne for 28 minutes, with its landing gear extended the whole time. Unpressurized, it internally carried flight test gear.

Although no photographs were released at the time, it’s believed that another airframe, numbered 68002, was damaged during its flights and a third party, 68003, was used for static testing.

Fuel thirsty and range deficient, the kind, requiring consistent, 100-passenger load factors to even meet breakeven costs, indicated the need for an extensive redesign of a production version, which more closely represented Concorde.

Stretched, the fuselage, now using a 215.5-foot span and sporting 34 compared to the previous 25 dividers, eased accommodation of around 140, and its droop nose, of greater length, introduced side windows.

Two canards, installed on the upper fuselage immediately behind the cockpit, extended out- and – forward to enhance the aircraft’s low-speed handling features.

The compound swept, full delta wing, 94.5 feet in length, offered variable camber and sculpting and a round underside.

The engines, with square inlets, were repositioned further outboard and there was greater separation between their pairs, while the main undercarriage units, of shorter length, retracted into them.

Range, using a 33,000-pound payload, was projected as 2,000 miles.

Numbered 77101, the first prototype of this extensively redesigned version first flew in August of 1972, while the second, 77102, was the first exhibited in the West in the 1973 Paris Air Show. Its pride was short lived, however.

During a demonstration flight on June 3, the aircraft made a low pass with its canard surfaces and undercarriage extended, before executing a steep, afterburner-augmented climb. Appearing to experience a stall at 3,000 ft, however, it commenced a dive, abruptly leveling off just a few feet above the ground, at which point the right wing tore off at the root.

Spitting flames from its engines, it rolled and another wing dislodged itself from the structure. Exploding and plummeting to the earth, it impacted, killing both crew members on board, eight on the floor, and damaging over a hundred buildings in Goussainville, France.

Though no official cause was ever found, it was thought that the Tu-144 tried to land on the incorrect runway, starting a go-around when the error was discovered, which placed it on a collision course with a Mirage fighter. Diving to avoid it, it had been subjected to g-forces past the airframe’s capability and too little altitude remained in which to recover. Its structural failure was therefore not attributed to any design defect or deficiency.

After operating cargo and mail root proving flights between December of 1975 and 1976, the Tupolev Tu-144 entered scheduled service on the 2,400-mile segment between Moscow and Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan, on November 1 of the following year, operating 102 such services with a mean of 70 passengers, before they were stopped on June 6, 1978.

Still excessively fuel thirsty, it was only able to cover the 2,400-mile route with half its payload capability, attained by deliberately leaving half its eats unoccupied, and the cabin noise level, due to the engines and the air conditioning necessary to counteract the external, skin friction created heat, was intolerable.

A fire in the abandoned engines, propagating to the fuselage, left inadequate power to reach an alternate airport, causing the aircraft to careen into a field and explode. Of the five crew members aboard, two were killed and three were injured.

Although the type started route proving flights on the 3,480-mile sector from Moscow to Khabarovsk on June 23 of the next year and it covered the distance in 3 hours, 21 minutes, it never proceeded to scheduled status. The noise, fuel consumption, and range parameters of supersonic flight couldn’t be transcended for industrial operations, leaving the one prototype, the two pre-production, the nine production Tu-144s, and the five generation Tu-144Ds as the only testaments to this fact.

  1. Tupolev Tu-144LL:

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) teamed with US and Russian aerospace industries within a five-year period to perform a joint international research program to develop appropriate technology for an early-21st century supersonic transport that would resolve the obstacles plagued by both Boeing 2707, Aerospatiale-British Aerospace Concorde, and Tupolev Tu-144 real and still-borne designs.

Cornerstone of it was the previous Tu-144D, constructed in 1981 and sporting tail number 77114, which itself never entered commercial service, but logged 82 hours, 40 minutes during research and test flights.

Modified for the joint application to Tu-144LL Flying Laboratory standard, it had been retrofitted with four 55,000 thrust-pound Kuznetsov, afterburner-equipped NK-321 turbofans originally produced for the Tupolev Tu-160 Blackjack bomber, resulting in a Mach 2.3 rate and 3,500 nautical mile range with 224,000 pounds of fuel at a 410,000-pound maximum take off weight.

Other modifications included the addition of thermocouples, pressure sensors, microphones, and skin friction gauges to assess the aerodynamic boundary layer, an emergency crew escape system, along with a Damian digital data collection system which replaced the earlier analog one.

The first of this two-phase program, running from June of 1996 to February of 1998, entailed two ground engine and six flight experiments, which necessitated 19 airborne sorties to finish, from the Zhukovsky Air Development Center near Moscow, and involved research concerning the aircraft exterior surface, the inner structure and powerplant, temperatures, border airflows, interior and exterior noise, airfoil ground effect characteristics, and varying flight profile handling features.

The second stage, taking place between September of 1998 and April of 1999, entailed six fights, which not only facilitated greater understanding of the original six airborne experiments, but also provided analysis of fuselage and wind deflections, angles-of-attack, sideslip angles, and nose boom pressures.

Though no bonafide US supersonic airliner designs are established, with those appropriate for the business jet segment more likely to precede them, these Tu-144LL aerodynamic, structural, acoustic, and operating environment experiments may pave the way for long-range, higher-capacity, economic fight which minimizes ozone layer deterioration, and the ground-experienced sonic boom.

The Boeing 747

Boeing 747, Jumbo Jet

The Boeing 747, often known as the”Jumbo Jet,” was a remarkable commercial jetliner for the own time. The world’s first ever wide-body airplane created, the so called”Queen of the Skies,” boasted an upper deck, and a passenger capacity that remained unrivalled for decades.

The -200 model followed in 1971, featuring more powerful engines and a higher MTOW (Max Take-Off Weight).

Boeing subsequently launched the -300 model in 1980, which resulted from studies to boost the capacity of the 747. The -300 featured fuselage plugs and a stretched upper deck. This variant, along with the -100, -200, and SP, were jointly called the 747″Classics.” It was now time to get a more significant update.

The most common version, the 747-400, entered service in 1989. This variant featured, along with the stretched upper deck of the -300, more lookup engines, and was the first to feature a 2-crew glass cockpit, eliminating the requirement for a flight engineer, and is also the most common variant in service. The -400 has a longer wingspan than the classics and has been fitted with winglets, which reduced drag, and is the most common aesthetic feature used to distinguish the variant from the -300.

The 747-400 dominated the long-haul market for many years to come. It was operated by nearly every major airline in the world, dominating every major international airport. It wasn’t until the late 2000’s that the -400 needed to face competition, after the bigger Airbus A380 entered service. Boeing eventually responded by launching a new bigger, more fuel-efficient version.

The third generation 747-8 was launched in 2009, with Lufthansa, and entered service in 2012. This version boasted a composite fuselage, as featured on the 787, and much more fuel-efficient engines. Additionally, it featured an increase in capacity, as a result of the stretched fuselage and upper deck. Sadly, it failed to capture the market and was unable to match, let alone surpass, the success of the -400.

The four-engine 747’s time is coming to an end, with an increasing number of airlines retiring the type in favour of more efficient twin engine aircraft. The latest passenger variant, -8, failed to attract as many sales as Boeing had expected, having earned less than 50 orders from mainly 3 airlines, as the quad can’t compete with the likes of the 777, 787, and Airbus A350.

Despite this the 747 enjoys a great reputation among the most prosperous airliners in history. As we see a growing number of smaller, twin engine aircraft in its place, the sector will always remember the beauty and elegance with which the Boeing 747 adorned our heavens.

Raising Crickets

Cicada, Cricket, Insect, Bug, Cicadidae

Crickets are one of the most popular foods to your reptiles and amphibian pets. They move around really fast and grab your pet’s interest. Crickets are extremely nutritious and you can provide your pets with as many as they could consume.

Adult crickets grow to around one inch in length. Male crickets are smaller than the females and can be seen easily in a colony as they are the ones making the noise. You can inform the female crickets by their ovipositor i.e. a long needle like structure which is used to lay eggs.

I’ve raised crickets a variety of occasions and found out these basic tips that will help you grow your own.

· Crickets need warmth.

· Crickets need water and food.

· Crickets require somewhere to lay eggs.

First thing you need is a container to store and strain your crickets; this can be a plastic storage container with a snap on lid. Take the lid and cut some 3 to 5 inch square holes out of it and hot glue some screen over the holes, this will provide ventilation for your crickets. Use some ground up corn cobs as a substrate for your habitat and put about an inch of this in your container.

Place your container in a warm area; you may need to offer something to warm them.

Make your own watering dish this may be as simple as a plastic lid from a peanut butter jar, cut a sponge to fit inside the lid and then soak it with water. You will need to add some water every couple of days.

Crickets need protein to eat, I’d feed my crickets cheap dog food, corn meal and oat meal. Your crickets will also require some fruits and vegetables you can chop up some apples, carrots, celery, lettuce, and even potatoes for them to consume. Keep citrus away from your crickets.

Place another egg cartons in the container for the crickets to hide under and to explore.

Give them a couple of weeks to deposit their eggs and remember to keep the sand damp. You may transfer these egg laying areas to a new container and keep them warm and the baby crickets will hatch. Make sure that the babies can get some food and water by burying your dishes level with the substrate.

When the babies hatch they will be just a miniature version of the adults. They will shed their skins a few times and sometimes you may even find a white one or two and this is normal.

Crickets for Profit?

Cicada, Cricket, Insect, Bug, Cicadidae

Crickets are one of the most popular foods to your reptiles and amphibian pets. They move around really fast and grab your pet’s interest. Crickets are extremely nutritious and you can provide your pets with as many as they could consume.

Adult crickets grow to around one inch in length. Male crickets are smaller than the females and can be seen easily in a colony as they are the ones making the noise. You can inform the female crickets by their ovipositor i.e. a long needle like structure which is used to lay eggs.

I’ve raised crickets a variety of occasions and found out these basic tips that will help you grow your own.

· Crickets need warmth.

· Crickets need water and food.

· Crickets require somewhere to lay eggs.

First thing you need is a container to store and strain your crickets; this can be a plastic storage container with a snap on lid. Take the lid and cut some 3 to 5 inch square holes out of it and hot glue some screen over the holes, this will provide ventilation for your crickets. Use some ground up corn cobs as a substrate for your habitat and put about an inch of this in your container.

Place your container in a warm area; you may need to offer something to warm them.

Make your own watering dish this may be as simple as a plastic lid from a peanut butter jar, cut a sponge to fit inside the lid and then soak it with water. You will need to add some water every couple of days.

Crickets need protein to eat, I’d feed my crickets cheap dog food, corn meal and oat meal. Your crickets will also require some fruits and vegetables you can chop up some apples, carrots, celery, lettuce, and even potatoes for them to consume. Keep citrus away from your crickets.

Place another egg cartons in the container for the crickets to hide under and to explore.

Give them a couple of weeks to deposit their eggs and remember to keep the sand damp. You may transfer these egg laying areas to a new container and keep them warm and the baby crickets will hatch. Make sure that the babies can get some food and water by burying your dishes level with the substrate.

When the babies hatch they will be just a miniature version of the adults. They will shed their skins a few times and sometimes you may even find a white one or two and this is normal.

Beekeeping Tips

Bees, Beehive, Honey, Insect, Honey Bee

Bees are a sweet affair because of what they produce in the end. But whether you’re into beekeeping as a hobby or for commercial reasons, you have to make certain that your interactions with the bees are secure and easy. Aside from getting acquainted with the basics of beekeeping, you will also need to understand the best gear to use in the area and how to actually use the tools correctly. You may start off with the most essential beekeeping supplies and then update according to the requirements of your beekeeping endeavor.

  1. Protective gear – Beekeeping for beginners should start with prioritizing personal security and this means getting yourself protective equipment. This is what will keep you protected to stings and bee venom which can be dangerous. The suit ought to be made up of pants, coat, and beekeeper’s veil. They can come separately or you can opt for a jumper styled suit that’s easy to wear. Consider getting gloves as well to finish the gear and gumboots as well. The suits are made from other materials and you should be sure that you consider the pros and cons of each before buying what is suitable and what you can actually afford.
  2. It is what you will need to use to scrap off propolis to maintain a cleaner hive. You may also use the tool to start the honeycomb and squash intruders like hive beetles. Some models feature small holes which you can use to pull nails out when necessary. Choose a hive tool which you can trust to serve your needs and one that is easy to use.
  3. Bee brush – It is a soft bristled brush that you will use to remove bees from frames and honey supers. They’re soft to keep them gentle on the bees so they don’t wind up going on the rampage. You should ensure that you use the brush appropriately so that you do not end up damaging bee parts like legs and wings; remember you still need your tiny friends to maintain the business or hobby fruitful. Get the best brush and learn to use it properly.
  4. The presence of smoke makes it impossible for the bees to communicate briefly so that you have enough time to extract the honey. Your smoker should be made from high quality materials such as stainless steel and should have metal guards to protect your hands, a solid chimney and wood or leather bellows.
  5. They pull honey from frames and make bottling easy to do. There are so may models so make certain to select what you believe makes the tasks smoother.

Owning a Bearded Dragon

Bearded Dragon, Australia, Lizard

Being a parent of three boys, you can imagine the things that my boys ask me to buy for them. When I first heard of this bearded dragon, I had mixed feelings. I wanted to make my boys happy, but what in the world were theya lizard and three boys seemed like a bad mix to me at the moment.

My boys were old enough to care for pets when they asked me for a bearded dragon, so I found no real reason to be worried about it. I understood that when they are that excited, they’d do anything to take care of the new pet. What was missing was the knowledge needed to keep the creature alive. So, I set out to talk to friends who already have one.

Surprisingly, I discovered a lot of fans in my area, and people were very encouraging when I asked them about what many call the”beardie”. They advised me to read as much as I could about the bearded dragon, so I’d know exactly how to care for this marvelous pet.

When our first Beardie came, I discovered the critter extremely affable. You may say it was love at first sight for my boys, who really made it a point to take care of their new pet.

I loved the reptile and, years later, we are still caring for him, and a couple of other reptiles, in the home. It is not always easy, but when you become a reptile lover, all of the work involved becomes a worthy investment, because you know for a fact that appropriate care generates the best results.

I wrote this book to assist aspiring reptile enthusiasts with their own bearded dragons. It can be a bumpy ride sometimes, especially if you’re just getting used to the day/night cycle, and the feeding requirements, of the species. But trust me, over time, you’ll get used to the process and you will be happy with the results.

These reptiles hail from Australia, and are quite popular with reptile fans in america. Pogona vitticeps can be bought from pet stores and private reptile breeders around the country.

In comparison to other pet reptiles, the bearded dragon is often regarded as”the newcomer’s lizard,” because it is simple to take care of them even if you’ve never tried a reptile as a pet before. Thus, before you move on to more exotic reptiles, try taking care of Pogona vitticeps first.

Needless to say, there are other bearded dragon species; the requirements of Pogona vitticeps’ cousins are similar. Bearded dragons are relatively small in comparison to other domestic reptiles, which makes it perfect for children, too.

The first thing that you have to take under consideration before purchasing a bearded dragon, or some other reptile for that matter, is your personal ability to look after a reptile.

Lizard Misconceptions

Monitor, Iguana, Lizard, Monitor Lizard

Many of today’s reptile keepers are extremely well informed consumers who’ve done their research online about the furry lizard they’re about to acquire. Additionally, there are a number of popular shows that focus on reptiles and amphibians from around the world that help broaden the ordinary person’s understanding of those exotic and rare animals.

Among the most common misconceptions that appears to be held by the majority of newbie reptile fans is that all big lizards are Komodo Dragons. The simple fact is that just zoos can home, display and strain Komodo Dragons and each one is the land of the Indonesian Government that strictly prohibits the access to these rare creatures. They’re located on five Islands in Indonesia where they are a massive attraction for tourists and earn a huge portion of the regional peoples income. Though a close relative of the Komodo Lizard that gets really large in size is the Indonesian Water Monitor, these animals can be sold and aren’t protected so that they are normally the origin of the misconception.

Another misconception about lizards available in captivity relies on the Caiman Lizards of Central America. These brightly colored cousins of the Tegu Lizard possess a broad plated body that’s extremely close in appearance to their namesake the South American Caiman. They develop into a manageable adult size of four feet in length and are normally located on or close to tree branches across dangling rivers in Paraguay, Peru and Colombia. Even though they have very sharp teeth which they use to catch and crush their prey composed of snails, fish and invertebrates, Caiman Lizards in captivity are calm and easy to handle. They may also be stored on a diet consisting of canned food, frozen snails and ground turkey or track and tegu diet.

Another misconception is that all lizards are able to regenerate their tails when in fact this is a somewhat confusing ability for a number of lizards and geckos while an impossibility others. Even though the regenerated tail won’t ever look just like the first the replacement is practical and a great deal better than a stump. It’s possible for some of these animals to develop a forked or branched tail if the damaged are is minor rather than a complete break.

While many questions regarding Lizards and their habits and habitats are answered by the hard work of breeders and researchers around the world there are still many fascinating facts that will come to light later on. As always do your due diligence and learn about the individual pet lizard’s needs in regards to diet, lighting, habitat size and longevity before buying anything.

Is that Tortoise Right for you?

Fantasy, Tortoise, Pigeon

Like many new additions to your life, deciding to buy a tortoise for sale should be a well-thought-out move. Pets in general can include serious lifestyle changes, especially if it’s your pet. If you see a tortoise for sale and think about getting one as a pet, there are many things to think about before making your move. To discover if a pet tortoise is right for you, read on to learn about their diet, character, habitat requirements, and more!


Although every tortoise is different in temperament, there are a number of species which are proven to be more friendly than others. Many are known to have personalities and will act differently depending on a variety of factors. When it’s a Sulcata, Russian, Burmese, or any of the many other species, you may encounter a range of personalities.

Sulcatas are proven to be social and like to be touched and rubbed down. Redfoots can be very playful and affectionate. They make a great companion and love being handled. Russians tend to be more bold, fearless, even though they may be shy at first.


Knowing what your tortoise enjoys doing can help you make a better habitat for this. Exactly like temperament, the habits of your tortoise may vary; but there are common habits that you could expect from yours. They like to burrow and will often prefer to go over any barrier than around it.

Tortoises also love to escape and hide, so be sure the enclosure is large enough that it can’t climb over and that there is tons of places for your tortoise to conceal. Even though hand-feeding your tortoise leaves you at risk of unintentional bites, they’re not the type to bite willingly.


Tortoises are born small, adorable animals. Over time, however, they can grow hundreds of times their size. You can purchase a tortoise for sale that fits perfectly in a small tank, but you will eventually have to find a hutch at which it can comfortably live. Like I mentioned previously, they like to climb and escape their enclosures. So using a sturdy, breakout-proof cage to your tortoise is necessary. Glass is not advisable because tortoises prefer privacy and can become stressed with 4 glass walls that don’t let it hide. If you absolutely need glass, cover 3 sides and make sure it has space to conceal.

If you’re keeping it outside, a spacious hutch is ideal. An interior tortoise can do just fine in a plastic swimming pool or homemade cage.


For the best diet, you need to deliver an assortment of plant-based foods, as well as protein from feed. About 80% of your tortoise’s diet ought to be fresh vegetables. Sweet potato, fresh kale, squash… these are all great for your tortoise. Every third or fourth feeding, offer your tortoise fruit.

Commercial foods such as canned turtle food and pellets are also great for your tortoise, in addition to different sources of protein out of mealworms, crickets and other insects.

Tortoises like it hot! You will want to make sure that you provide more than one source of heat, among them being incandescent light. Make sure they’re able to find belly heat as well. An under cage heater can work well with glass terrariums but should never be used for wooden or plastic cages.

With all this knowledge in your hands, you finally have a fantastic idea if a pet tortoise is right for you. Tortoises are among the most popular reptile pets, so locating tortoises available won’t be an issue. If you feel like you would be an awesome tortoise owner but can’t decide which one to get, there’s no need to worry. You can research popular tortoises available to determine which one will grow together and make the best companion for you.

Help in the Mountains

Helicopter, Doctor On Call, Rescue, Not

If you’re in a situation where you require ambulance services to provide progressive health care services, then contact us at our office. Our firm Global Emergency Services is the ideal solution for you because we have specialized doctors and medical team with innovative medical setup. This ambulance is always ready in an important position to provide all levels of care and treatment for ambulance medical services because you never know that a patient is the most sought after for air travel services from Delhi and other cities of India. Good level of maintenance will be required.

Another best thing to do with Global Service Provider in Delhi is that everyone can reserve this service any time by means of a telephone, text and email. So do not waste time looking at the best and low-cost air travel service providers and save money and time with Global Service Provider to save the life of your individual, contact us to rent this support.

Since there’s a massive problem like shifting care of an important patient, which is vital for patient observation by medical faculty to cope with the necessary medicines, essential medicines, support of instruments, emergency, together with shifting.

With Upgrading Generation, we are getting support from Global Air Shifting Services of patient’s relocation services which receive all the essential help from the individual.

We are encouraging Delhi citizens with the facility of Air Ambulance Services in Delhi with patient rehabilitation services and are supporting with the outstanding experience of health tourism support.

Global Price Air Ambulance Delhi Supply a mattress transfer facility without charging additional money. Moreover, provide appropriate care and support at each stage of the journey; Supply only particular doctors with the veterinary medical team with the individual. Also, provide ground ambulance facility for taking and leaving the individual from one city to another.

Learn how Global Air Ambulance Services Pvt. Ltd.. Transfer the patient from one city to another city

We Provide a special doctor using a naturopathic medical team to monitor and control the patient’s condition throughout the journey:

To select the patient safely to the ICU Road Ambulance to leave the individual to the airport and railway station to see our health care team hospital/home.

Our medical team unknowingly provides proper care and helps the sick patient to take the city safely

Making your blog better

Man, Reading, Touchscreen, Blog, Digital

Many sites are full of distractions such as sidebars, advertisements, and too much info. This can distract an audience from participating in the way that’s the most successful for you to build your list, grow your brand, and earn more money.

So how do you enhance your blog?

If you use self-hosted WordPress for your blog, it is easy to upgrade your theme to be among the more modern minimalist themes. These take out distractions and make it easier for your customers to read the site and behave when you call them to do so.

The reality is, your navigation should be minimal also. You don’t have to have huge drop-down menus or a whole lot of different things to click on. You can have top navigation that gets the traffic to where you need them to go, and then leads them to the remainder via in-content hyperlinks, links to enjoy content under blog articles, and other ways that work better than content.

A CTA at the Header

Placing a CTA (Call To Action) from the header of your site page to catch email list sign-ups is a powerful means to make a header that gets attention. You may also use this area to mention the main content that’s on your site to guide visitors where you want them to go.

It’s a wonderful place to put everything that individuals might go searching for, such as copyright information, related websites, contact info, a link to a site, and much more.

Insert Widgets Which Are Useful

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Author, 1984, Big Brother, British

George Orwell the Nobel Laureate is famous for his books like’Animal Farm’ and 1984. Many of the books of Orwell are dissolving the sugar and spice of Communist Regimes. His writing has fertilized us with the imagination that a communist idol is a fish gone stale.

The protagonist of the Novel is Winston is a bored lethargic character. All his life, his inner consciousness, he exhibits frustration with the Communist regime. The country portrayed in the Novel is a hidden allegory portraying the deceased USSR. All the ministries are under the control of the Communist party.
Orwell creates a satire of the entertainment business. The business propagandizes State Ideals. It reveals democratic ideals are decadent and defunct. The industry is a thorough brain washing of personal likes and shifts people’s attitudes and consumerism into propaganda. .

There is no liberty to throw opinions. Communism is a monster that jeopardizes freedom.

The protagonist Winston is depicted as servant who is trapped at the fangs of communism and yet wanting to break free. Government offices are bureaus of a monster wanting to desecrate life.

All theses slogans point out a psychological narcissism, a mirror stage of Lacan, a gaze of a Private-is-a -Public -business and reduces human into a morass of mental poverty. The people of the communist country are regimented automatons.

The stores are owned by the government and many a time they are unable to supply things needed by the general public.
There is no freedom to think and explore ideas. Out of two taxpayers one is a spy and belongs to the secret police. It’s an irony that there is no family relationship and in a family the wife or the husband could betray you.

Winston is a creative intellectual trapped in the gulag of Communism and he expresses his liberty writing journals.

The novel describes the purges carried out by Stalin.

The Communist Party uses subversive tactics to demoralize and dethrone the earlier regimes and tries to promote Communism as a God. The wretch of ideology plays with information and seduces people into myopia of getting.